California State University, Fresno (Fresno State) is a public comprehensive university and part of the 23 campus California State University system. It is located at the northeast edge of Fresno, California, approximately 58 miles (93 km) from the entrance to Yosemite National Park, and sits at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the San Joaquin Valley. The city of Fresno is the fifth largest city in California. The university is within an hour's drive of many mountain and lake resorts and within a three-hour drive of both Los Angeles and San Francisco. The university has a total enrollment of 23,060 undergraduate, graduate, and post-baccalaureate students. It offers bachelor's degrees in 60 areas of study, 45master's degrees, 3 doctoral degrees, 12 certificates of advanced study, and 2 different teaching credentials.
The university's unique facilities include an on-campus planetarium, on-campus raisin and wine grape vineyards, and a commercial winery, where student-made wines have won over 300 awards since 1997. Members of Fresno State's nationally ranked Top 10 Equestrian Team have the option of housing their horses on campus, next to indoor and outdoor arenas. Fresno State has a 50,000-square-foot (4,600 m2) Student Recreation Center and the third-largest library, in terms of square footage, in the California State University system.
Fresno State was founded as the Fresno State Normal School in 1911 with Charles Lourie McLane as its first president. The original campus was what is now Fresno City College. In 1921, Fresno State Normal School became Fresno State Teachers College, and in 1934 it was renamed Fresno State College and adapted its official fight song "Fight! Varsity." Fresno Junior College, now FCC, moved onto the campus with Fresno State in 1921 and the two institutions shared the campus until 1948, when the FCC moved to another location. The first graduate degrees, in English and Education, were granted in 1949. In 1954, the 70-member Fresno State College Orchestra became the Fresno Philharmonic Orchestra.
In 1956, Fresno State moved its campus to its present location in the northeast part of the city, and FCC bought the old campus and moved back in. Fresno State College became a charter institution of the California State University System in 1961. In 1972 the name was officially changed to California State University, Fresno.
The greater campus extends from Bulldog Stadium on the west boundary to the Save Mart Center and the under-construction Campus Pointe and Highway 168 on the east side.Vineyards and orchards designate the northern boundary of the campus, while Shaw Avenue designates the southern edge.
The 388 acres (157 ha) main campus features more than 46 traditional and modern buildings. An additional 34 structures are on the 1,011 acre University Farm, which includes the student-run Equine, Swine, Beef, Dairy, Poultry, and Sheep Units as well as several hundred acres of cattle rangeland. It is considered one of the most modern and best equipped agricultural facilities in the West. Fresno State was officially designated as an arboretum in 1979 and now has more than 4,000 trees on campus.Fresno State operates the first university-based commercial winery in the United States.